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England (United Kingdom) > Details

Country Name
England (United Kingdom)
Geographical Area
130,395 square kilometers (50,346 square miles)
Population
50,431,700 (Oct 2014 est)
Capital City
London
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People   Anglo-Saxons, Scots, Welsh, Irish, West Indians, Pakistanis, Indians
Language   English (official), Welsh, Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Cornish
Religion   Church of England, Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, Muslim, Hindu and Sikh
Government   Constitutional monarchy, the chief of the state is the Queen, the head of the government is the prime minister
Head of Government   Prime Minister : David Cameron, Queen: Elizabeth II
Embassy   The American Embassy, London 24 Grosvenor Square London, W1A 1AE United Kingdom Tel: (44) (0) 20 7499-9000
Visas   Citizens of the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa do not need a visa for stays in the UK up to 6 months, but they are prohibited from working. Citizens of the European Union (EU) don't need a visa to enter the country and may live and work here freely.
Health Risks   None
Clothing Suggestions   Do not forget your umbrella! Temperatures rarely go below 33F and over 72F.
Time Zone:   GMT/UTC 0 (Greenwich Mean Time (British Summer Time during daylight savings))
Banking / Exchange   Cashpoints (ATMs) are very common in Britain: most are linked to major credit cards as well as the Cirrus, Maestro and Plus cash networks.
Currency   POUND STERLING (GBP)
Electric Current   240V, 50Hz
Credit Cards / Traveler Checks   All major credit cards are accepted in hotels, restaurants and many cosmopolitan boutiques. However, they are not used as extensively as they are in the United States and Canada. Traveler’s checks are widely accepted throughout England and may be exchanged easily at almost all banks and post offices.
Shopping   In major cities, Mon-Sat 0900-1730; in London’s West End and other large shopping centers, shops stay open to 2000. Many local shops stay open to 1900 or 2000 and some even later; many of these are open on Sunday morning or all day. Larger shops will open Sun 1000-1600. Some towns and areas of cities may have early closing one day a week, usually Wednesday or Thursday.
Weights & measures   Weight: Pounds and stones - Measure: Feet and inches
How to shop Tax Fee   Many shops throughout the country now operate a tax-free shopping scheme for overseas visitors. The store will provide a form which should be completed at the time of purchase. Upon arrival at Customs, present the goods and the forms (within 3 months) to the Customs Officer, who will stamp the vouchers certifying that the goods are being exported, and that you will be entitled to a refund of Value Added Tax (VAT).
National Airport   London airports: Heathrow (LHR), Gatwick (LGW), Stansted (STN), Luton (LTN)
Major Tourist Attractions   London, York, Bath, Liverpool, Stratford upon Avon, Oxford, Stonhenge
Tipping Suggestion   If you eat in an English restaurant you should leave a tip of at least 10% unless the service was unsatisfactory. Waiting staff are often paid derisory wages on the assumption that the money will be supplemented by tips. Some restaurants include a service charge on the bill, in which case a gratuity is unnecessary. Taxi drivers expect to be tipped about 10%, especially in London. You never tip to have a pint poured in a pub. However, at swank cocktail bars a 10% tip is expected. It is customary to tip tour guides GBP 6 to 8 per person per day on multiday tours and drivers GBP 3 to 4 per person per day. The suggested tip for day tours is GBP 10 to 15 for the guide and GBP 5 for the driver.
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