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Republic of Peru > Details

Country Name
Republic of Peru
Geographical Area
496,225 square miles
31,151,643 (2015 estimate)
Capital City
Language   Peru has 3 official languages: Spanish (84.1%), Quechua (13%), and Aymara (1.7%).
Religion   In the 2007 census, 81.3% of the population over 12 years old described themselves as Catholic, 12.5% as Evangelical, 3.3% as of other denominations, and 2.9% as non-religious.
Government   Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
Head of Government   President Ollanta Humala
Embassy   Avenida Encalada, Block Seventeen Surco, Monterrico, Lima Telephone: 51-1-618-2000 Emergency after-hours telephone: 51-1-618-2000
Visas   A valid passport is required to enter and depart Peru. Tourists must also provide evidence of return or onward travel. Travelers entering Peru on a U.S. passport receive a card and an entry stamp from Peruvian Immigration upon arrival stating the length of approved stay (usually 90 days). Travelers without an entry stamp will not be allowed to exit the country.
Health Risks   Medical care is generally good in Lima and usually adequate in other major cities, but it is less so elsewhere in Peru. Urban private health care facilities are often better staffed and equipped than public or rural ones.
Clothing Suggestions  
Time Zone:   PTE (UTC -5)
Banking / Exchange   Foreign currency, including traveler’s checks, can be exchanged at banks and special exchange shops in large towns.
Currency   The official currency of Peru is the nuevo sol (PEN), which is divided into 100 centimos.
Electric Current   Metric
Credit Cards / Traveler Checks  
Shopping   Miraflores district in Lima has many shops with handicrafts from around Peru. Alpaca sweaters, ponchos, and hats are classic Peruvian souvenirs. While many similar items can be found elsewhere, Arequipa is the top spot for export-quality goods.
Weights & measures  
How to shop Tax Fee  
National Airport   Lima (LIM), Arequipa (AQP), Cusco (CUZ), Iquitos (IQT)
Major Tourist Attractions   Machu Picchu is one of the most recognizable tourist attractions on the planet. Find time to explore
Tipping Suggestion   When dining out, it is customary to tip 10% at restaurants. Tipping taxi drivers is not expected, but most visitors will tip bar and hotel staff and guides.
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